Artist and teacher Burne Hogarth

This months artist is Burne Hogarth. He was born in Chicago December 25,1911. He died January 28, 1996. He was best known for his Tarzan comic strip. He was a teacher and wrote many books about drawing. Dynamic Anatomy in 1958, Drawing of the Human Head in 1965, Dynamic Figure Drawing in 1970, Drawing Dynamic Hands in 1977 about the figure. He wrote Dynamic Light and Shade in 1981 and Dynamic Wrinkles and Drapery, my favorite, in 1995.
The reason I chose Burne for the artist of the month is because the shading techniques that he taught when used in glass etching, creates a 3-dimensional look in the glass. His study of how fabric would look both slumped over something and blowing in the wind is just awesome. In his book on drapery, He has drawn many figures with flowing drapery and wrinkled fabric. The techniques can be used in glass etching in several ways. 1. Carving the glass. The wrinkles in the fabric can be deeply carved. Each one pulling away from the last. He taught how to recreate the folds in drawing to make the fabric look real. Carving is the most dramatic way to recreate life. It actually creates a 3-D in the glass. 2. Shading the glass. Shading is done by using the glass as the darkest shade and solid etching as the lightest shade. This technique can be used on safety tempered glass and has a wide range of uses. The darkest part of the fold would be left clear and then the lighter parts of the fabric would be etched in shades to recreate the folds of the fabric. 3. Using carving and shading together. In recreating fabrics, using both techniques produces even deeper looking shadows and textures. This allows even more versatility in designing a project.
He taught the study of drapery and the study of wrinkles. You might not think of this but when etching some ones face in glass, the wrinkles on the face and the muscles of the body are what makes it look like them. If you remove all the wrinkles and laugh lines from the face it becomes harder to recognize. His skill in drawing faces was as brilliant as his skill in drawing fabric. When teaching the different wrinkle forces, such as kinetic forces. He showed us the different wrinkles and how they were caused. Direct thrust wrinkles, bend wrinkles, crossing wrinkles, compression wrinkles, fragmentation wrinkles, swag and hanging, trap and closure, passive, inert, lying wrinkles and my favorite, flying wrinkles. He would draw shapes and figures from memory to show us the wrinkle effects.
He is one of my favorite teaches and his work and teaching will live on to inspire countless generations of artist.

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